Forestry is the art and science of managing forests, trees plantations and related natural resources.
The main goal of forestry is to create and implement systems that allow forest to continue a sustainable provision of environmental supplies and services.
Forests form part of the vital natural resources of a country. From time immemorial forest resources have been a source of human sustenance. They are home to the most amazing herbs, medicinal compounds, natural cosmetics etc. Forestry and Wildlife go together since forests serve as home for wildlife.
Forest wealth also contributes significantly to the economy of the country. Specially trained personnel are therefore needed to maintain and regenerate the forest cover, forest wealth and resources.
A practitioner of forestry is known as a Forester.
What does a Forester do?
  • Foresters are involved in many activities that include ecological restoration, timber harvesting, and protection of natural resources.

  • Their role exists in choosing sites for new trees.

  • They develop forest management plans for public and privately-owned forested lands.

  • They are also involved in the planning and supervising of forestry projects.

  • Promote a sustainable economy through renewable forest products.

Various courses are available in the field of forestry. You can pursue forestry courses at graduate, postgraduate, diploma as well as at Ph.D. level.
Bachelor’s Courses
  • Bachelor of Science in Forestry

  • Bachelor of Science in Wildlife

  • Bachelor of Science in Tree Improvement and Genetic Resources

  • Bachelor of Science in Forestry

Eligibility Criteria If you have passed your intermediate examination with PCB group then you are eligible for this course. The duration of B.Sc forestry professional course is 4 years.
Master’s Courses:
  • Master of Science in Forestry

  • Master of Science in Wildlife

  • Master of Science in Wood Science & Tech.

  • Master of Science in Agroforestry

  • Master of Science in Forest Products

  • Master of Science in Tree Improvements

  • Master in Wildlife Sciences

  • Post Graduate Diploma in Forest Management

Eligibility Criteria – To be eligible for master’s course, one must have a bachelor’s degree in relevant discipline. The duration of this course is 2 years.
Postgraduate courses in forestry are offered in the following specializations:
  • Forest Management

  • Silviculture

  • Forest products

  • Commercial Forestry

  • Forest Economics

  • Wood Science & Technology

  • Wildlife Science

  • Agroforestry

  • Tree Genetics and Breeding

For higher specialized works, you have to earn the highest degree in the field of forestry.
Some other certificate & diploma course in Forestry are listed here:
  • Certificate Course in Wildlife Management

  • Diploma in Zoo and Wild Animal Health Cure and Management

  • Post Graduate Diploma in Forestry Management (PGDFM)

  • Post Master’s Diploma Non Wood Forest Products

How to get admission in Forestry courses?
  • One can apply for the bachelor’s course in forestry after clearing the 10+2 examination with PCB/PCM/PCMB group.

  • The candidates who have passed All India Entrance Exam of ICAR are eligible for admission to agricultural Universities that offers forestry courses.

  • Various Universities/institutions conduct their own entrance examination for providing admission.

  • Forest Research Institute University invites application for admission to M.Sc programmes through FRI University Admission Test.

Jobs & Career Scope
A lot of career opportunities is available in this field. The career opportunities are available in public as well as in private sector.
Some working areas where you can find jobs after pursuing courses in the field of Forestry are:
  • Educational Institutions

  • Seed and Nursery Companies

  • Forest Services

  • Food Companies

  • Land Management Agencies

  • Plant Health Inspection Services

  • Plant Resources Laboratories

  • Biotechnology Firms

  • Biological Supply Houses

  • Chemical Industry

The job profiles in forestry is as follows:
  • Forester

  • Forest Range Officer

  • Lecturers

  • Forestry Technicians

  • Forest Officer

  • Forestry Staff

  • Forest Professionals

  • Natural Resource Technician

  • Operations Forester

  • Senior Forestry Consultant

  • Foresters Silviculturist

  • Field Investigator

  • Sales/Business Development Officer

  • Teacher or Lecturer

  • Auditor – Forestry

A forester earns an average salary of $47,548 annually in abroad. Depending upon experience and qualification, you can earn an annual salary of around Rs. 5 to 6 lacs in India.
Salary packages offered in this field are very high for the well experienced candidates.
The Universities/colleges that offers forestry courses in India are as follows:
  • Dr BR Ambedkar University, Uttar Pradesh

  • B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar

  • Arid Forest Research institute, Jodhpur

  • Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal

  • Forest Research Institute University, Dehradun

  • Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Himachal Pradesh

  • Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun

  • Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur

  • Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Coimbatore

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